Understanding Contributing Factors and Causes of Drug Addiction


Drugs are staples to modern medicine. It is hard to imagine how you can treat infections, relieve pain and ease depression without medication. Many lives are saved every day thanks to drugs. Even the seemingly insignificant problem of not being able to sleep can be solved with drug use.

In fact, drugs are a lifesaver if used properly. But when they are abused or used illegally, they can “take your life.” The effects of substance abuse create chaos in the user himself, his family and society in general. While it is true that addictive substances continue to grow stronger, non-prescription drugs are not spared illegal drug users.

Drug abuse causes serious harm to the body. This is a statement that is repeated often and no one disagrees with it. But what exactly are the causes of substance abuse?

In many respects, the answers to this question, which are supposed to shed light on the nature of the problem, are quite complicated. It is known that repeated use of certain substances can make the user addicted to them. This is more true in the case of illegal drugs.

There are basically two types of addiction associated with substance abuse; physical dependence and psychological dependence. In physical dependence, the drug user has developed tolerance to the drug. This means that the doses the user takes are getting bigger and bigger so that the level of “high” that they are experiencing remains the same. Opiates (morphine and heroin) are perfect examples in this case.

Psychological dependence on a drug, on the other hand, is characterized by a compulsive emotional need for the drug. Cannabis (marijuana and hashish) can be used as examples in this case.

Medical and scientific research has concluded that drug abuse is both a physical and a psychological addiction; both have a biochemical basis in the brain, although the difference between them is not very clear. This is perhaps why the current interpretation of the term “drug abuse” has become quite easy to understand: it relates to a pattern of behavior characterized by compulsive drug use and extreme concern to achieve it.

There are also suggestions that having an “addictive personality” can contribute to a person becoming addicted to drugs. This means that a person’s tendency to substance abuse can be determined by their physiological and biochemical composition. In other words, this tendency can be genetically inherited. But this factor needs more explanation; therefore, a person with an addictive personality is likely to have inherited some factors that increase vulnerability but do not make substance abuse inevitable.

Psychological and environmental factors are those that are often related to the emergence of substance abuse. We have heard of many cases of people who have been forced to use drugs due to family problems, poor living conditions, lack of self-confidence, social pressure and stress. Of course, these factors alone do not mean that drug abuse cannot be avoided.



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